Participated in PROWL and unhappy with your LASIK? Contact Me at

Results from PROWL-1 and PROWL-2 have been released. These studies were intended to examine the safety and efficacy of LASIK eye surgery. The numbers were quite discouraging. Up to 4% of patients reported being dissatisfied with their LASIK outcome. Generalizing from these results, the raw numbers of patients who feel themselves to be visually impaired post-LASIK exceeds the total number of Keratoconus patients in the USA. In fact, the rate of visual impairment among patients having LASIK exceeds that of many natural diseases and conditions of the eye in the general population. Consider: If 20 million people have had LASIK in the USA, that leaves 800,000 people visually impaired. Yet, the mandate of the FDA is to protect the public health, a contradiction. Sadly, the 4% was obtained with few adverse events and recent LASIK technology, meaning that these bad outcomes have no identifiable cause other than LASIK itself.

If you participated in PROWL-1 or PROWL-2 with a bad outcome, I'll be happy to illustrate your vision. Quantitative and qualitative data are always viewed as complementary in solving important scientific problems. The world needs to know how you see.

Upgrades, September 12, 2014

  • Geomaps added for each state in the Attorney Directory, below. Click a state, see where its attorneys are.

New Content, July 21, 2014

New Content, July 14, 2014

Attorney and Experts Directories

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Eye Attorney Directory

Eye Attorney Directory
  • If you have suffered permanent vision loss, time is essential: The statute of limitations gives you only a limited time to file a lawsuit. We advise you to consult an attorney immediately. The following list has been compiled from web and document searches, and is believed to represent attorneys who are likely to have experience with eye-related cases. You can start your search here.
  • The directory also includes attorneys who defend against such claims. If you've been named responsible for vision loss in a legal action, you may be able to find an attorney here.

Vision Simulators: Simulate your vision for friends, family, doctors, and attorneys.

Blurry Vision: In normal, healthy eyes with good vision, blurry vision indicates a need for prescription lens that adds additional power or corrects astigmatism that distorts the natural optics of the eye. Blurred vision can coexist with ghosting, smeared vision, or other visual aberrations.

Extreme Blur Hand Motion Simulator

Ghosted Vision: The term 'ghosting' was coined around 1957, and originally referred to the false image on a TV screen, caused by signal reflection. Ghosts are caused by residual astigmatism, or irregularities in the corneal surface. They vary in terms of transparency, size, and colors ghosted.

Animation Image Set Simulator

Glare: The term 'glare' is sometimes used to refer to the perception of any higher-order aberration. Here, the term is restricted to situations in which light seems to overflow, or 'seep outside,' its normal boundaries around light sources, or sources of reflected light, such as shiny objects.

Indoors Daytime Glare

Halos: Halos are usually huge globes of illuminated fog surrounding sources of light. Sometimes the globes seem to contain other globes, brighter and denser, nested two or more levels deep.

Image Set Simulator

Loss of Contrast Sensitivity: Contrast sensitivity refers to the ability to distinguish between variations of lightness and darkness. Perceptually, this effect is similar to turning down the Contrast on your television or monitor: Eventually sharp boundaries are lost, objects merge together, as if a haze of grey soup had been poured over the visual field.

Image Set Simulator

Starbursting: Starbursting refers to rays or fine filaments coming off lights. At night, these rays can become dramatically longer and denser. Starbursts are highly variable between patients, differing in terms of their size and shape, length of rays, the density of rays, and transparency (whether the light source is visible through the starburst).

Starbursts Types Judging Size Simulator

Retinal Detachment: Information from receptors in the retina is aggregated at the optic nerve, and sent on to the visual cortex for further processing and interpretation. Portions of the retina that are no longer in communication with the brain may result in areas of blankness, blackness. Spatial distortions may exist at the margin of the detachment.

Image Set

Visual Snow: Patients who complain of Visual Snow literally see what resembles "television snow," that is, specs or particles that blink on and off in their vision.


Hemianopia: Hemianopia refers to loss of vision in one half of the visual field of both eyes, most commonly on the right side. Causes of hemianopia include injury to the brain (temporal or occipital lobe) or optic nerve pathways from accident, infection, stroke, or tumor. Hemianopia may also affect the upper or lower halves of the visual field.

Image Set

Visual Quality Disparities: Patients with bilateral eye injury or LASIK complications may report different aberrations in each eye. With both eyes open, these aberrations are synthesized to yield a composite image. However, one eye usually contributes more to the resulting composite than the other, a phenomenon known as "ocular dominance."


Pupil Size: Patients with complications from refractive surgery often report that their vision seems much better in bright light than dim light. Not only does bright light help compensate for Loss of Contrast Sensitivity, it also shrinks the pupil, reducing the visual aberrations caused by an irregular cornea.


Facebook Lasik Complications Group

Problems with Lasik? Join the Facebook Lasik Complications discussion group: Facebook Lasik Complications Discussion Group

Selected Illustrations

Below are illustrations of vision damaged by various eye trauma and various botched surgeries, including Lasik and cataract surgery. Regardless of the cause, perceptually these problems tend to sort into blurry vision, smeared vision, ghosting, halos, starbursting, and glare. In more extreme situations, these aberrations combine unpredictably.

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Need Specialty Lenses?

The scleral lens offers hope for patients with keratoconus, post-refractive surgery complications (Lasik, PRK, RK), dry eyes, eye injury, and other corneal conditions. Dr. Edward Boshnick in Miami, FL has helped many patients restore their vision and their lives. Please check and for more information.